The UEFA European Under-19 Championship consists of three distinct stages: the qualifying round, the elite round and the final tournament.
The qualifying round, played in autumn, is made up of 13 groups of four teams playing in one-venue mini-tournaments. The top two from each progress alongside the third-placed team with the best record against the top pair in their group.
In the elite round, played in the spring, those 27 qualifiers join the top seed, given a bye, in seven mini-tournament groups of four. The group winners then join the hosts in the finals.
The seven qualifiers plus the hosts are split into two groups of four who play each other once, with the top two progressing to the semi-finals. The winners of those ties contest the final.
Further details, including the criteria for separating teams that finish level on points in a group, or after extra time in a match, can be found in the official competition regulations.
France have become only the second side to claim three UEFA European Under-19 Championship titles – although Spain remain the competition's dominant force.
The 4-0 defeat of Italy at the Rhein-Neckar-Arena in Sinsheim adds to France's triumphs of 2005 and on home soil in 2010. Italy, meanwhile, missed the chance to add to their 2003 triumph and join Portugal (2003, 2014), England (2005, 2009) and Greece (2007, 2012) in losing two finals – though, unlike those three, the Azzurrini have at least claimed the trophy.
Germany lifted the trophy in 2008 – beating Italy in the final – and 2014, but it is Spain, eliminated by England in this season's elite round, who remain way out in front with seven triumphs in the U19's 15-year history. Spain won the inaugural competition in 2002 and went on to claim the title four times in its first six years, triumphing in 2004, 2006 and 2007 – when they became the first side to retain the trophy.
Successive triumphs followed again in 2011 and 2012, with the likes of Fernando Torres, Sergio Ramos, David Silva, Gerard Piqué and Álvaro Morata all lifting the trophy with La Riojita, before a seventh crown in Greece last summer.
2016: France (Germany)
2015: Spain (Greece)
2014: Germany (Hungary)
2013: Serbia (Lithuania)
2012: Spain (Estonia)
2011: Spain (Romania)
2010: France (France)
2009: Ukraine (Ukraine)
2008: Germany (Czech Republic)
2007: Spain (Austria)
2006: Spain (Poland)
2005: France (Northern Ireland)
2004: Spain (Switzerland)
2003: Italy (Liechtenstein)
2002: Spain (Norway)
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